As a response to physical and sexual abuse of women migrants to the Middle East, in 1998 the His Majesty’s Government of Nepal officially banded female migration of Gulf state. The migration of female is a bit restricted. To obtain a passport a women have to be produce a permission letter from their guardian, that is, from husband if they are married or from their father if they unmarried. Further ides of the government, with the objective to promote international labor migrations, which have not yet realized, are (1) the creation of a ‘foreign employment bank’ which should replace the informal channels that are used for remittances. And (2) creation of revolving fund which will provide collateral free loans to individuals from deprived sections of society.
For all households involved in the migration is the lack of opportunities in Nepal for employment and for secure livelihood strategies that leads to migration whether within in country, within the regions or overseas. Household that are poor have less choice with regard to migrations opportunities and the very poorest households are the most vulnerable when it comes to illegal migration and various forms of trafficking.
- Statement of Problem
Emigrations of Nepalese people for recruitment in the foreign armed force has been the first recorded emigration of Nepalese population. Growing population has increased labor force and lack of employment opportunities within the country have been the reason behind the recruitment to the foreign migration. In the recent years, the war of globalization has induced the Nepali youth for better living standard, which is the important pull factor for emigrations. But unemployment, food scarcity, is the strong push factor. Similarly, existing conflict due to the political instability is also being the cause of it.
Because of high rate of unemployment, Nepalese people are interested to go outside of the country for seeking job either being student or as a labor. Unemployment is one of the most challenging problems of our country. This study tries to show the importance of remittance in Nepalese economy. Some economist says that Nepalese economy is based on the remittance business. It is the second source after agriculture which plays the vital role in GDP. Remittance can contribute for the economic development if it is mobilized in productive field. The study is designed to address the following research question related to overseas employment and remittance:
- In which sector do the household spend their remittance mostly which they get?
- Does the remittance have positive economic impact?
- Objective of the Study
The general objective of this study is to analyze the impact employment and remittance on Belkotgadi municipality of Nuwakot district. The specific objectives are
- To examine the uses of remittance in Belkotgadi municipality.
- To analyze the impact of remittance income in the households/families.
4. Research methodology
Generally, research methodology refers to the sequential steps followed during the time of this research. This chapter includes the research design, sampling procedures, sample size, tools and techniques used for data collection.
- Research design
Mostly quantitative and some qualitative information are collected to observe the situation of foreign employment and remittance in the Nepalese context. The information are obtained from primary as well as secondary sources.
- Population and sampling frame:
It will take the populations as all households those whose at least one family member engages in foreign employment with in the Municipality. Similarly, conceder household as a sample frame those who are working in abroad currently and has been came back foreign employment. Sample size will be 50 households of the municipality.
- Tools and techniques of data collection
Data will be this study will be collected from the field survey. This study is mainly based on primary data. The study will be conducted through the formal method of interview, observation, and questionnaire.
- Data analysis and presentation
After classification and editing the collected data, another important work for the fulfillment of the objectives of study is data analysis and presentation, different statistical tools will be used for data analysis, like average, percentage, ratio etc. descript method will be applied for qualitative data. And the data will be presented by using simple methods like as bar diagrams, pie-chart, tables, charts etc.